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C. Henkel and M. Wilkens
Heating of trapped particles close to surfaces - blackbody and beyond
acta phys. slov. 50 (2000) 293-304, proceedings of the 7th Central European Workshop on Quantum Optics, Balatonfuered, 28 April - 01 May 2000.


    We discuss heating and decoherence in traps for ions and neutral particles close to metallic surfaces. We focus on simple trap geometries and compute noise spectra of thermally excited electromagnetic fields. If the trap is located in the near field of the substrate, the field fluctuations are largely increased compared to the level of the blackbody field, leading to much shorter coherence and life times of the trapped atoms. The corresponding time constants are computed for ion traps and magnetic traps. Analytical estimates for the size dependence of the noise spectrum are given. We finally discuss prospects for the coherent transport of matter waves in integrated surface waveguides.

[ quant-ph/0005038 ]

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